- War on Terrorism -
Learn about the United States Army Transportation Corps' involvement in the War on Terrorism. See how advancing technology, from the HMMWV to the MRAP, protects our Soldiers on today's battlefield. Learn how Transportation Corps. Soldiers became front line Soldiers on the roads of Iraq and Afghanistan.
Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF)
The US and coalition hoped that with the defeat of Iraqi forces in Desert Shield/Storm that an uprising in Iraq would depose Saddam Hussein. When this did not happen the US remained alert but did not want to engage in hostilities. Saddam continued his war of words and threats to peace against his neighbors. The operation began with the objective of ending the regime of Saddam Hussein; find and destroy weapons of mass destruction; seek and destroy terrorists in Iraq and find terrorist networks; deliver humanitarian support to many Iraqi citizens; and secure the oil fields which belong to the Iraqi people and bring about peace for the Iraqi people.The operation began on 23 March 2003. Baghdad fell on 9 April 2003. Saddam's Ba'ath Party was dissolved.
An insurgency arose to fight for prominence in any new Iraqi government and to remove any occupying coalition forces. Saddam Hussein was captured, tried, found guilty and executed by hanging on 30 December 2006. It was believed that the insurgency would cease then. Conditions in Iraq continued to deteriorate. The insurgency is tribal and clan based. Sunni against Shia against Kurds. The media, the military and the government began calling the 'insurgency' a civil war in which the US should not take a position.
Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF)
OEF or the Global War on Terrorism (GWOT) began on 7 October 2001 after the September 11 suicide airline attacks on the Trade Center, the Pentagon and the abortive attack that ended with the crash of United Airlines Flight 93 in a field near Shanksville, Pennsylvania after passengers tried to overcome the hijackers. President Bush ordered attacks on the Taliban and Al Qaeda bases in Afghanistan. The mission of the GWOT was the destruction of terrorist training camps and infrastructure in Afghanistn, the capture of al-Qaeda leaders, and the cessation of terrorist activities in Afghanistan.
After the Soviets left Afghanistan in 1996, the Taliban, with their extreme interpretation of Islamic law, filled the power vacuum. When the Taliban refused to hand over Osama bin Laden who was responsible for the September 11 attacks, the US and other coalition nations began their assault. As with any military operation, as soon as restrictions are placed on military operations, the enemy goes to the restricted areas. In this case, bin Laden went to Pakistan along with many in the Taliban.
On 2 May 2011, in Abbottabad, Pakistan, bin Laden was killed by Seal Team 6. His body was taken to Afghanistan for complete identification and was buried at sea in compliance with Islamic law. The insurgency/civil war in Afghanistan continues.