- Korea -
Learn the importance of integrated modes of transportation to include Korean civilian porters, road and rail networks and the increasing role of the Army aviation.
The Korean War or Korean UN Police Action was notable for the first extensive use of helicopters. The H-13 Sioux was used for reconnaissance but most notable for medical evacuation as seen in the movie and television show "M.A.S.H." The helo evacuations enabled the wounded to receive medical treatment sooner and thus, saved lives. The H-19 Chickasaw could carry 6 wounded or 10 passengers. Helicopters would redefine the nature of combat in the next war. They ushered in a new era of mobility for Army forces.
In fixed wing operation, the Army used the L-19 Birddog. It was used for reconnaissance, artillery spotting, and aerial photography. With some modification, it also was used for medical evacuation but could only accommodate one wounded passenger. As another modification, it was turned into an aerial sprayer to defeat the biting flies that made life miserable for all ground forces.
In ground transportation in Korea, nothing beat the Korean Service Corps. With the A-frame, one person would carry up to 50 pounds of material. This assisted greatly in a country with poor roads and steep grades and weather that turned dirt roads into mud.
The WWII Jeep returned to service in Korea and, like before, was used for recon, command vehicle, and medical evacuation. Its 4 wheel drive made it a favorite among the Soldiers. The Army still used the deuce and a half to transport material where/when they could. Dodge produced the WC-52 Weapons Carrier and it was converted to a covered ambulance for medical evacuation; a command car with space for more communication equipment; a mechanics and parts vehicle for carrying spare/replacement parts and mechanics to whatever location needed them.